Hepatitis C is a virus disease that causes life-threatening liver inflammation. Within a few months of virus entering the bloodstream, Hepatitis C becomes a lifelong disease that needs to be properly treated.
There are two ways of treatment: liver transplant or Hepatitis C medication treatment. There is no known vaccination for Hepatitis C.
The disease is caused by Hepatitis C Virus or HCV. About 40% of those exposed to HCV recover without treatment because immune system fights of the virus. The rest can develop liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer.
HOW YOU GET INFECTED BY HEP C?
Hep C Virus has to somehow have an access to one's bloodstream. The main reason are receiving a Hep C infectious blood primarily due to sharing of infection needles. Sexual transmission is also possible but not as common as with HIV and Hepatitis B Virus.
- Joint and belly pain
- Itchy skin
- Dark urine
- Yellow eyes
Diagnosis is therefore very important to begin Hep C treatment.
Some people are more inclined to get Hepatitis C than others. Risk factors include alcohol, HIV and Hepatitis B coinfection, age and being a male.
Prevention of Hepatitis C is done on personal and general level. The importance of Hep C clear blood in blood banks is stressed while also ensuring sterilization of needless, and the supply of sterilized needless to drug addicts. On personal level, in stable relationships for example it is important for both partners to pass the Hep C test. Chronic alcoholism can also increase the likelihood of Hepatitis C disease and should be avoided.
Hepatitis C is present all around the world. Until the introduction of blood Hep C test in 1990/1991, the majority of infections came from blood transfusions. Since then, World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 3% of world population is chronically infected by Hep C and have a potential of developing liver cirrhosis or cancer.
In short, there are more than 170 million people suffering from Hepatitis C, a deadly liver disease. Sofosbuvir is the new promising treatment of Hep C with major advantages that can help numerous Hepatitis C patients around the world.
Learn more about Hepatitis C.